CAPTCHA stands for “Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart". CAPTCHAs are tools that are used to differentiate between real users and automated users, such as bots and automated scripts. They provide challenges that are difficult for computers to perform but relatively easy for humans. For example, identifying stretched letters or numbers, or clicking in a specific area. They are used by any website that wishes to restrict usage by bots and it is built in a way that only a human would pass this test and bot or automated scripts would fail. It is usually used to:
- Prevent any type of spam or data extraction from websites.
- Prevent poll skewing by ensuring that each vote is entered by a human.
- Used to prevent bots from spamming message boards, contact forms, or review sites.
- Plays a role in reducing online harassment.
They are intended to defeat automated programs or RPA tools and getting around them is difficult by design. Typically, one has to configure the website in certain ways in order to disable the CAPTCHA for testing purposes.
How to Handle CAPTCHA:-
Asking your application development team for a workaround, like configure CAPTCHA in a test environment in such a way it will always accept one specific value.
- Ask your application developer to disable the CAPTCHA module in the testing environment.
- If you are using a custom CAPTCHA module, you can ask the developer to generate an API of CAPTCHA generation for the testing environment.
- Ask your application development team to add CAPTCHA code as title in markup, then you can access this title and bypass the CAPTCHA, but only in the testing environment.
- White list the Network’s/ IP to ensure that users with those IP's are not asked for the captcha during testing.
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